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TEM Study and Magnetic Measurements of Precipitates Formed in Cu–Fe–Ni Alloys

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The precipitation behavior of Cu–Fe alloys with Ni addition on isothermal annealing at 878 K was investigated by means of transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). Magnetic element atoms were segregated from the solid solution in supersaturated state, and nano-scale magnetic particles were randomly formed in the copper matrix at the initial stage of annealing at 873 K. With increasing the isothermal annealing time, however, the striking feature that two or more nanoscale magnetic particles with a cubic shape aligned linearly along 〈100〉 directions were observed upon the isothermal annealing at 873 K. To investigate the relationship between micro-structures and magnetic properties of the heterogeneous Cu–Fe–Ni alloys, magnetic measurements such as M–H measurements were also carried out, using a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometer. In this study, it was revealed that the magnetic properties of the specimen presented the ferromagnetic behavior, during the precipitation process in a Cu–Fe–Ni alloy.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: December 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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