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Nano-Structured Titanium Coating for Improving Biological Performance

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Abstract:

Nano-structured titanium coating was obtained by alkali treating the vacuum plasma sprayed samples following hot water immersing for 24 h. The influences of the surface microstructure on the biological performance were studied. A canine model was applied for in vivo evaluation of the bone bonding ability of the coatings. The histological examination results demonstrate that new bone was formed more rapidly on the nano-structured coating implants and grew into the porosity than the as-sprayed one. After 4 weeks implantation, the nano-structured implants were found to appose directly to the surrounding bone while large lacunae could still be observed at the interface between the as-sprayed samples and bone. All these results indicate that a nano-structured surface on the porous titanium coating is favorable for bone bonding.

Keywords: BIOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE; HISTOLOGICAL EXAMINATION; NANO-STRUCTURE; TITANIUM COATING

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3957

Publication date: 2011-12-01

More about this publication?
  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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