Reversible Ferromagnetism Study in Un-Doped ZnO Thin Films
Room temperature ferromagnetism in pure ZnO thin films prepared by spin-coating method was observed. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry showed no or extremely little presence of impurities, which were unlikely to be responsible for the large magnetization moment observed. In order to study the origin of ferromagnetism, ZnO thin films were rapidly annealed in N2 and O2 ambient in a repetitive way. Electrical and magnetic performance after each annealing was measured. It is found that ferromagnetism is diminished and re-appeared, in accordance with the decrease and increase of conductivity. Cathodoluminescence spectra show evidence of reversible variation of oxygen vacancy defect in the annealing process. These results provide strong evidence that oxygen vacancies play a significant role in inducing ferromagnetism in ZnO thin films.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2011-12-01
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