New Method for Synthesis of Pt Nanoparticles Embedded in a Carbon Matrix
Abstract:Platinum (Pt) nanoparticles embedded in a carbon matrix were synthesized for the first time in benzene by an electric plasma discharge generated in the cavitation field of benzene due to an ultrasonic horn. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to study the particle size, structure and morphology of the synthesized nanoparticles. The Pt nanoparticles have FCC bulk Pt crystal structure. On the average Pt nanoparticle diameter ranged from 8 nm to 40 nm when synthesized at 4.1 kV and from 5 nm to 25 nm when synthesized at 3.4 kV. X-ray photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Energy dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX) were used to study the chemical composition of the synthesized nanoparticles. A cost effective new method for carbon supported Pt nanoparticles will be of potential interest in fuel cell and catalysis applications.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 2011
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