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Thermal Analysis in the Rat Glioma Model During Directly Multipoint Injection Hyperthermia Incorporating Magnetic Nanoparticles

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Abstract:

Hyperthermia incorporating magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) is a hopeful therapy to cancers and steps into clinical tests at present. However, the clinical plan of MNPs deposition in tumors, especially applied for directly multipoint injection hyperthermia (DMIH), and the information of temperature rise in tumors by DMIH is lack of studied. In this paper, we mainly discussed thermal distributions induced by MNPs in the rat brain tumors during DMIH. Due to limited experimental measurement for detecting thermal dose of tumors, and in order to acquire optimized results of temperature distributions clinically needed, we designed the thermal model in which three types of MNPs injection for hyperthermia treatments were simulated. The simulated results showed that MNPs injection plan played an important role in determining thermal distribution, as well as the overall dose of MNPs injected. We found that as injected points enhanced, the difference of temperature in the whole tumor volume decreased. Moreover, from temperature detecting data by Fiber Optic Temperature Sensors (FOTSs) in glioma bearing rats during MNPs hyperthermia, we found the temperature errors by FOTSs reduced as the number of points injected enhanced. Finally, the results showed that the simulations are preferable and the optimized plans of the numbers and spatial positions of MNPs points injected are essential during direct injection hyperthermia.

Keywords: DIRECT INJECTION HYPERTHERMIA; GLIOMA RATS; MAGNETIC NANOPARTICLES; THERMAL MODEL

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.5010

Publication date: 2011-12-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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