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Carboxymethylated Dextran-Coated Magnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Regenerable Bioseparation

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Abstract:

Carboxymethylated dextran (CMD)-coated magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (MNPs) were synthesized using a co-precipitation method. Compared to neutral dextran coated MNPs, the CMD coating provides good dispersity and colloidal stability to the CMD-MNPs. In particular, the carboxyl groups on the CMD can be readily activated for covalent attachment of antibody molecules. The superparamagnetic property of the antibody-covered CMD-MNPs enables the captured antigen to be separated from the sample solution and CMD coating significantly reduces the nonspecific binding of the nanoparticles. Regeneration of the anti-BSA antibody-covered CMD-MNPs with NaOH does not significantly decrease the antibody activity, and the repeated magnetic separation and washing steps cause only small loss of the starting materials. The method was found to be highly reproducible (RSDs for BSA adsorption and desorption are between 0.78% and 5.1%). The anti-BSA antibody-covered CMD-MNPs possess good selectivity and are able to capture protein antigens from real samples.

Keywords: BIOSEPARATION; CARBOXYMETHYLATED DEXTRAN; MAGNETIC NANOPARTICLES; SURFACE MODIFICATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.5002

Publication date: November 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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