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Fabrication of Gold Nanoparticle Assembled Polyurethane Microsphere Template in Trypsin Immobilization

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Abstract:

The separation, reusability and high catalytic activity of bioconjugate remain challenging task in proteins bound gold nanoparticles. A facile synthetic route for the fabrication of gold nanoparticle assembled polyurethane microsphere template and immobilization of trypsin on gold/polyurethane surface to form trypsin-nanogold-polyurethane bioconjugate was developed. The bioconjugate was characterized by X-ray diffraction, Field emission scanning electron microscopy, Transmission electron microscopy, UV-visible, Fourier transform infrared, Fluorescence and Circular dichroism spectroscopy. The catalytic studies confirmed retention of ∼40% of its original activity even after eight consecutive reaction cycles. The bioconjugate is also very effective for its separation from the reaction medium and exhibited significant enhanced stability over a wide range of pH and temperature compared to free trypsin. These findings clearly demonstrate that trypsin immobilized gold nanoparticle assembled polyurethane microsphere acts as an excellent recyclable biocatalyst with enzyme-specific biocompatibility.

Keywords: ENZYME IMMOBILIZATION; GOLD NANOPARTICLES; POLYURETHANE MICROSPHERE; RECYCLABLE BIOCATALYST; TRYPSIN

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.4979

Publication date: 2011-11-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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