In-Situ PolymerizationApproach for Preparation of Rare Earth Fluoride Phosphors Coated with PAA
Abstract:Up-conversion nanoparticles (UCNPs), which can convert a radiation from a longer wavelength to a shorter wavelength, have great potential uses as bio-labels in biological detection. However, these NPs usually cannot be used directly unless their surfaces are further modified. In this paper, NaYF4:Yb, Er nanoparticles (NPs) were coated with poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) by in situ polymerization for the first time. Accordingly, NaYF4:Yb, Er/NaYF4 NPs were synthesized before PAA coating to avoid the decay of optical intensity. The resulting UCNPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and up-conversion photoluminescence spectrometry. The XRD results indicated that the resultant UCNPs exhibited a pure hexagonal phase. The FT-IR spectra and TGA curves revealed that these NPs were coated successfully with PAA. Meanwhile, the TEM results showed that well-dispersed UCNPs with the best morphology and an average size of about 90 nm were obtained with 8.0 wt% acrylic acid content (the content percentage in the whole reaction system) at 0 °C within 130 min. Fluorescence tests showed that the UCNPs had a strong UC fluorescence intensity. Settlement tests revealed that PAA-coated NaYF4 UCNPs had more favorable dispersion stability than uncoated UCNPs in an aqueous system. These functionalized nanocomposites could be used for further bio-conjugation.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: November 1, 2011
More about this publication?
- Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Subscribe to this Title
- Terms & Conditions
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites