Synthesis and Upconversion Luminescence Properties of CaF2:Yb3+/Tm3+ Microspheres
Abstract:CaF2:Yb3+/Tm3+ microspheres were synthesized by using a simple hydrothermal method. Their structures and morphologies were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field-effective scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The microspheres were formed from a large number of nanospheres with almost the same diameter after annealing. The growth mechanism of the microspheres was discussed. Strong ultraviolet (UV) and blue upconversion (UC) emission from the CaF2 microspheres was observed under 980 nm excitation. The enhancement of the UV UC emission was attributed to the size effect of the nanoscale particles.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: November 1, 2011
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