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Hydrothermal Synthesis of One-Dimensional Single-Crystalline Rutile TiO2 Nanostructures and Their Application in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

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One-dimensional (1D) TiO2 nanowire arrays are fabricated on transparent conducting substrates via a low temperature hydrothermal route for application in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The as-prepared sample on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrate is found to be single-crystalline rutile TiO2 structures from X-ray and electron diffractions. The length and diameter of the nanowires depend mainly on the growth time and temperature. With increasing the reaction time, the growth rate becomes slower and the interface adhesion between the growth nanowires and the substrate becomes weaker. In the same time the adjacent nanowires aggregate to larger the apparent diameter of the nanowire making the gaps among the nanowires to disappear at last. The nanowires exhibit flower-like morphology on the non-conducting surface of FTO substrate. By using TiO2 nanowire arrays with 2 μm long on FTO substrate as the photoanode in DSSCs, an overall light conversion efficiency of 1.58% is achieved with an open circuit voltage of 0.714 V, a short circuit current density of 4.68 mA cm−2, and a fill factor of 0.472.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-11-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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