NaYF4:Yb, Tm/TiO2 core/shell nanoparticles were synthesized by a two-step method. First, the NaYF4:Yb, Tm nanocrystals were prepared using solvothermal technology; then, TiO2 shells were deposited on the nanocrystals by the hydrolysis of titanium
ethoxide (TEOT) to form core/shell structures. By controlling the reaction time, we can adjust the thickness of TiO2 shell and thereby the weight percentage of TiO2 in the core/shell nanoparticles. The effect of shell thickness on the upconversion fluorescence of NaYF4:Yb,
Tm nanocrystals was investigated in detail.
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