Y2O3 acts as the matrix material when doped with different content of La2O3 for reducing sintering temperature and refining grains. The (Nd0.01LaxY0.99−x)2O3 nanoparticles
and transparent ceramics are fabricated by a combustion synthesis. The powder feature is characterized by TEM. The microstructure, mechanical properties and transmittance of the samples are examined by SEM, HV-1000 hardness tester and fluorescence analyzer respectively. The results show that
the (Nd0.01LaxY0.99−x)2O3 nanoparticles are homogeneous in size and nearly spherical with average diameter in the range of 40∼60 nm. There are no other phases except the Y2O3 cubic phase in
the (Nd0.01LaxY0.99−x)2O3 nanoparticles. The grains of the samples significantly reduce with increasing La2O3 content. The hardness and fracture toughness increase rapidly first and then gradually
tend to plateau with increasing La2O3 content. The transmittance of sample also increases gradually with increasing La2O3, the largest transmittance exceeds 77% when the La2O3 content is x = 0.12.
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