Through a co-precipitation method Gd(OH)3:20%Yb3+, 1%Tm3+ nanorods were synthesized. After sintered at 900 °C for 1 h in air, the as-prepared Gd(OH)3:20%Yb3+, 1%Tm3+ nanorods were converted into Gd2O3:20%Yb3+,
1% Tm3+ nanocrystals. Crystalline phases, sizes, and morphologies of the two samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction and field emission scanning electron microscope. The up-conversion (UC) fluorescence spectra of the Gd2O3:20%Yb3+, 1%Tm3+
nanocrystals were recorded by using a fluorescence spectrophotometer with a 980 nm continuous wave laser diode as excitation source. The nanocrystals not only present characteristic blue and ultraviolet (UV) UC emissions of activated Tm3+, but also show UV UC emissions of host Gd3+.
The experimental study suggests that the excitation power has great effects on UC fluorescence properties and the energy transfer from Tm3+ to Gd3+ is very efficient.
Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.