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Up-Conversion Emissions Characteristics of Non-Aqueous Sol–Gel Derived RE3Al5O12 Nanocrystals

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The RE3Al5O12 (REAG:Er3Al5O12, Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Yb3Al5O12) up-conversion (UC) nanocrystals have been prepared by the non-aqueous sol–gel method. The green and red UC emissions are attributed to the 2H11/2, 4S3/24I15/2 and 4F9/24I15/2 transitions of Er3+, respectively, were obtained for all samples with a 975 nm semiconductor LD excitation. For Er3Al5O12 nanocrystals, the green and red UC emissions have similar intensities. Y and Yb ions have no evident effect on the peak positions, but strongly affected the intensities of the green and red UC emissions of the Er. A much higher intensity of the green relative to red UC emission was observed for Er:Y3Al5O12 nanocrystals, however, the red UC emission became predominant for Er:Yb3Al5O12 nanocrystals. It was suggested that the two-photon process was responsible for the green and red UC emissions mechanism for all the samples.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: November 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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