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Size Dependent Ultraviolet Upconversion in Single YF3:Yb3+/Tm3+ Particles

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Yb3+–Tm3+ codoped YF3 bulk material was synthesized through a facile high-temperature calcinations method. By grinding and selecting, the particles with different desired sizes in microns were obtained. Under 980 nm excitation, optical upconversion (UC) from near-infrared (NIR) to ultraviolet (UV) was studied for each group of particles for the effect of their size on UC. Comparing with the bulk sample, the micro-size particles exhibited strong ability for NIR-to-UV UC. With the particle size decreasing from 800 μm to 20 μm, their UV emission intensities increased rapidly. Two possible mechanisms were proposed and discussed for clarifying the small size effect (SSE).


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2011-11-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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