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Sensitized Upconversion Emissions of Tb3+ by Tm3+ in YF3 and NaYF4 Nanocrystals

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Yb3+–Tm3+–Tb3+-codoped YF3 and NaYF4 nanocrystals (NCs) were synthesized using a simple hydrothermal method. Under 980 nm excitation, violet and ultraviolet upconversion (UC) emissions of 5D37F J (J = 6, 5, 4) and 5D47F J (J = 6, 5, 4, 3) of Tb3+ ions were observed with the fluoride NCs. In the Yb–Tm–Tb codoped NCs, energy transfer (ET) processes from Tm3+ to Tb3+ were proposed to be the main mechanisms for the UC emissions of Tb3+ ions. They are more efficient than the phonon assisted cooperative sensitization of the Yb3+ couple proposed previously for similar material system. The analysis of power dependence indicated that populating the 5D4 level of the Tb3+ ions was a four photon UC process, which demonstrated the existence of the two step ET process of Yb3+ → Tm3+ → Tb3+. It was also found that UC luminescence properties of Tb3+ ions were sensitive to crystal structures.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: November 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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