Enhanced Red Upconversion Luminescence in Er–Tm Codoped NaYF4 Phosphor
Abstract:This paper presents a study on the enhanced red upconversion (UC) luminescence via efficient energy transfer (ET) between Er3+ and Tm3+ in Er–Tm codoped NaYF4 microtubes. Er doped and Er–Tm codoped NaYF4 UC hollow microtubes have been synthesized using a hydrothermal method. Under 1560 nm excitation from a diode laser, the Er doped NaYF4 microtubes emitted dominant green UC luminescence while the Er–Tm codoped NaYF4 microtubes emitted dominant red UC luminescence, which implies the energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ plays a key role in the enhanced red UC emissions. The red UC luminescence is significantly enhanced compared with the green UC luminescence with the increase of Tm3+ doping concentration. In addition, our experimental results show that the UC luminescence properties under 980 nm excitation are almost identical with that under 1560 nm excitation. Furthermore, the possible ET mechanism was proposed on the basis of our experimental results.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: November 1, 2011
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