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A Combined In Situ Grazing Incidence Small Angle X-Ray Scattering and Grazing Incidence X-Ray Diffraction Study of the Growth of Ge Islands on Pit-Patterned Si(001) Substrates

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Abstract:

The growth of Ge islands on a pit-patterned Si(001) template is investigated in situ, combining grazing incidence diffraction, multiple wavelength anomalous diffraction, and small angle scattering. This allows monitoring in situ the detailed structural and morphological evolutions of the pits, of the wetting-layer and of the nucleated islands on the pit-patterned Si(001) substrate. It is shown that after Si regrowth, the Si substrate displays {107} and {1 1 11} facets. During the very first stages of Ge growth, the preliminary facets of the Si substrate are energetically unfavourable, and the pit facets break up into a rather complex pattern of {10n} and {11m} facets with n > 7 and m > 11. At 5 and 6 ML, intensity rods from {105} and {113}-type facets appear in the GISAXS images revealing the formation of pyramids and domes, respectively. The degree of ordering, the shape, strain and composition of the islands are characterized during the growth process to provide a detailed evolution of their structure and morphology.

Keywords: GE NANO-ISLANDS; GISAXS; SURFACE PATTERNING; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.4310

Publication date: October 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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