Hydrothermal Synthesis and Electrochromic Properties of Potassium Tungsten Oxide Nanorods

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Abstract:

Hexagonal K2W4O13 nanorods have been synthesized by hydrothermal treatment of the WO3·H2O precipitate at 180 °C in the presence of K2SO4. The K2W4O13 nanorod single crystals of ∼12 nm in diameter and tens to few hundreds nm long with the principal axis along the (001) direction were obtained when hydrothermal treatment was conducted in the presence of sufficient amount of K2SO4 while shorter nanorods with the same preferred orientation were obtained when less amount of K2SO4 was employed. On the other hand, square platelets of ∼100 nm wide were obtained when prepared in the absence of the K2SO4. The important role of K2SO4 on morphological control of the hydrothermal products was explained based on selective adsorption of the sulfate ions on the crystal planes parallel to the (001) direction retarding the growth of these faces. The nanorod film showed satisfactory electrochromic property and can be used as a promising material in electrochromic application.

Keywords: CRYSTAL GROWTH; HYDROTHERMAL; NANOROD; POTASSIUM TUNGSTEN OXIDE; TUNGSTEN OXIDE BRONZE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3506

Publication date: October 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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