Effects of Thermal Annealing in Oxygen Plasma for Buffer Layers on Properties of ZnO Thin Films

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Abstract:

ZnO thin films with ZnO buffer layers were grown by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (PA-MBE) on p-type Si(100) substrates. Before the growth of the ZnO thin films, the ZnO buffer layers were deposited on the Si substrates for 20 minutes and then annealed at the different substrate temperature ranging from 600 to 800 °C in oxygen plasma. The structural and optical properties of the ZnO thin films have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and room-temperature (RT) photoluminescence (PL). A narrower full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the XRD spectra for ZnO(002) and a larger grain are observed in the samples with the thermal annealed buffer layers in oxygen plasma, compared to those of the as-grown sample. The surface morphology of the samples is changed from rugged to flat surface. In the PL spectra, near-band edge emission (NBEE) at 3.2 eV (380 nm) and deep-level emission (DLE) around 1.77 to 2.75 eV (700 to 450 nm) are observed. By increasing the annealing temperatures up to 800 °C, the PL intensity of the NBEE peak is higher than that of the as-grown sample. These results imply that the structural and optical properties of ZnO thin films are improved by the annealing process.

Keywords: MOLECULAR BEAM EPITAXY; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC OXIDE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3470

Publication date: October 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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