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Synthesis and Characterization of High Purity Hydroxyapatite Nanorods by Hydrothermal Technique

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High purity hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanorods were synthesized by hydrothermal technique using Ca(NO3)2·4H2O and (NH4)2HPO4 as starting materials in a hydrothermal reactor at 150–200 °C for 12–24 h with pH6 and pH9.5, respectively. The prepared HAp nanorods were characterized by XRD, FTIR, and TEM techniques. The XRD results confirmed the formation of pure phase of HAp at pH9.5. With increasing temperature and time, the crystallinity of the HAp was increased, showing the hexagonal structure of HAp with the lattice parameter a in a range of 1.144–1.148 nm and c of 0.723–0.724 nm. The crystalline sizes of the powders were found to be 44–85 nm as evaluated by the XRD line broadening technique. The chemical compositions of the HAp nanorods were characterized by FTIR spectroscopies. The peaks of the phosphate carbonate and hydroxyl vibration modes were observed in the FTIR spectra for all the samples. The morphology of the HAp was nanorods of diameter less than 100 nm, as revealed by TEM. Increasing the temperature and time resulted in the transition from polycrystalline to single crystalline phase of the HAp, as clearly confirmed by the analysis of TEM diffraction patterns.
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Keywords: BIOCERAMICS; CHARACTERIZATION; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; HYDROTHERMAL; HYDROXYAPATITE; NANOCRYSTALLINE POWDERS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-10-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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