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Preparation of a Cationic Nanoemulsome for Intratumoral Drug Delivery and Its Enhancing Effect on Cellular Uptake In Vitro

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Abstract:

To develop an appropriate carrier for intratumoral drug delivery, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) modified nanoemulsome (CTAB-NES) was designed and prepared by solvent evaporation method. Coumarin-6 was chosen as the fluorescent probe and the conventional nanoemulsome (NES) without CTAB modification served as a control. The results demonstrated that CTAB-NES had a smaller particle size of 71.9 ± 4.32 nm, considerate positive zeta potential of +48.7 ± 0.2 mV, preferably entrapment efficiency of 97.483 ± 0.693% and the release of coumarin-6 in 24 h was little. The in vitro cytotoxicity of CTAB-NES to the CHO cells and MCF-7 cells increased consistently with concentrations and was higher than that of NES, especially to the cancer cells. Both the fluorescence microscopy images and HPLC assay verified that the cellular uptake of CTAB-NES in MCF-7 cells was much higher than that of NES, and the uptake was time-, concentration- and temperature- dependent. The uptake mechanism results demonstrated that the internalization of CTAB-NES and NES involved clathrin- and caveolae-mediated endocytosis while macropinocytosis only influenced the uptake of CTAB-NES in MCF-7 cells for CTAB could mediate adsorptive pinocytosis. Thus, CTAB-NES with high positive charge and good intracellular uptake ability could be a promising drug carrier for intratumoral drug delivery.

Keywords: CATIONIC NANOEMULSOME; COUMARIN-6; CTAB; UPTAKE KINETICS; UPTAKE MECHANISM

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.4965

Publication date: October 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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