Evaluation of the Sulfo-Succinimidyl-4-(N-Maleimidomethyl) Cyclohexane-1-Carboxylate Coupling Chemistry for Attachment of Oligonucleotides to Magnetic Nanobeads
Abstract:The sulfo-SMCC (Succinimidyl-4-(N-maleimidomethyl) cyclohexane-1-carboxylate) coupling chemistry was evaluated for immobilization of oligonucleotides onto 130 nm sized magnetic nanobeads aimed for bio-detection in a magnetic readout assay. The chemistry was found to produce a high surface coverage of ∼93 ± 10 oligonucleotides per bead whereas stability tests showed that about 50% of the oligonucleotides detached from the bead surfaces after eight weeks of storage in a buffer solution. It was shown that bead aggregation prior to magnetic readout could be suppressed by incubating the samples at 70 °C for 30 min. The same temperature was also shown to be the most favorable for hybridization between the oligonucleotide functionalized beads and rolling circle amplified DNA molecules. This should simplify the heating procedure in a biosensor in which hybridization and magnetic readout is performed in the same compartment.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 2011
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