Atomically Controlled Processing in Silicon-Based CVD Epitaxial Growth

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One of the main requirements for Si-based ultrasmall device is atomic-order control of process technology. Here, we show the concept of atomically controlled processing for group IV semiconductors based on atomic-order surface reaction control in Si-based CVD epitaxial growth. Self-limiting formation of 1–3 atomic layers of group IV or related atoms after thermal adsorption and reaction of hydride gases on Si1−x Ge x (100) (x = 0–1) surface are generalized based on the Langmuir-type model. Moreover, Si-based epitaxial growth on N, P or C atomic layer formed on Si1−x Ge x (100) surface is achieved at temperatures below 500 °C. N atoms of about 4 × 1014 cm−2 are buried in the Si epitaxial layer within about 1 nm thick region. In the Si0.5Ge0.5 epitaxial layer, N atoms of about 6 × 1014 cm−2 are confined within about 1.5 nm thick region. The confined N atoms in Si1−x Ge x preferentially form Si–N bonds. For unstrained Si cap layer grown on top of the P atomic layer formed on Si1−x Ge x (100) with P atomic amount of below about 4 × 1014 cm−2 using Si2H6 instead of SiH4, the incorporated P atoms are almost confined within 1 nm around the heterointerface. It is found that tensile-strain in the Si cap layer growth enhances P surface segregation and reduces the incorporated P atomic amount around the heterointerface. Heavy C atomic-layer doping suppresses strain relaxation as well as intermixing between Si and Ge at the nm-order thick Si1−x Ge x /Si heterointerface. These results open the way to atomically controlled technology for ULSIs.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: September 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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