Metalcones: Hybrid Organic–Inorganic Films Fabricated Using Atomic and Molecular Layer Deposition Techniques
Hybrid organic–inorganic films can be deposited using atomic layer deposition (ALD) and molecular layer deposition (MLD) techniques. A special set of hybrid organic–inorganic films based on metal precursors and various organic alcohols yields metal alkoxide films that can be described as "metalcones." Many metalcone films are possible such as the "alucones" and "zincones" based on the reaction of trimethylaluminum and diethylzinc, respectively, with various organic alcohols such as ethylene glycol (EG). This paper reviews the previous work on metalcone MLD and discusses a variety of new metalcone systems. "Titanicones" are grown using TiCl4 and glycerol or EG and "zircones" are grown using zirconium tetra-tert-butoxide and EG. In addition, the organic alcohol can also be varied to change the properties within one metalcone family. For example, the glycerol triol precursor allows for more cross-linking and higher toughness in alucones than the EG diol precursor. Alloys can also be formed by combining metalcone MLD and metal oxide ALD. By varying the relative number of cycles of MLD and ALD, the composition and properties of the hybrid organic–inorganic films can be tuned from pure metalcone MLD to pure metal oxide ALD.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2011-09-01
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