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Metalcones: Hybrid Organic–Inorganic Films Fabricated Using Atomic and Molecular Layer Deposition Techniques

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Hybrid organic–inorganic films can be deposited using atomic layer deposition (ALD) and molecular layer deposition (MLD) techniques. A special set of hybrid organic–inorganic films based on metal precursors and various organic alcohols yields metal alkoxide films that can be described as "metalcones." Many metalcone films are possible such as the "alucones" and "zincones" based on the reaction of trimethylaluminum and diethylzinc, respectively, with various organic alcohols such as ethylene glycol (EG). This paper reviews the previous work on metalcone MLD and discusses a variety of new metalcone systems. "Titanicones" are grown using TiCl4 and glycerol or EG and "zircones" are grown using zirconium tetra-tert-butoxide and EG. In addition, the organic alcohol can also be varied to change the properties within one metalcone family. For example, the glycerol triol precursor allows for more cross-linking and higher toughness in alucones than the EG diol precursor. Alloys can also be formed by combining metalcone MLD and metal oxide ALD. By varying the relative number of cycles of MLD and ALD, the composition and properties of the hybrid organic–inorganic films can be tuned from pure metalcone MLD to pure metal oxide ALD.
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Keywords: ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITION; HYBRID ORGANIC-INORGANIC FILMS; METAL OXIDES; MOLECULAR LAYER DEPOSITION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-09-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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