Using 0.2% glutaraldehyde as the cross-linker, lysozyme was covalently immobilized onto electrospun polystyrene/poly(styrene-co-maleic anhydride) (PS/PSMA) nanofibers as cross-linked enzyme aggregates (CLEA). The lysozyme capacity of PS/PSMA nanofibers under optimal condition
was 57.6 mg/g of nanofibers. Various parameters were used to evaluate the stability of the immobilized CLEA-lysozyme. Compared to free enzyme, the immobilized CLEA-lysozyme exhibited its optimal enzymatic activity at higher temperature and pH. The immobilized CLEA-lysozyme maintained more
than 78% of its initial activity during 30 days of storage period. Additionally, the immobilized CLEA-lysozyme presented a high antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. The durability determinations of such nanofibers showed 90.3% retention of the initial lysozyme activity
after 80 consecutive reuses, and 81.2% of bacteriostasis ratio after 10 cycles. The results of this study suggest that CLEA-lysozyme immobilized nanofiber which can stabilize its enzymatic activity through cross-linking immobilization can be beneficial for various antibacterial processes.
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