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Toxicity of Nano Gamma Alumina to Neural Stem Cells

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Nano alumina, one of the most important nanomaterials, is widely used in diverse areas. It was reported that nano alumina could cross the blood brain barrier to enter the brain. Considering aluminum accumulation in brain is closely related to many neural diseases. We studied the neural toxicity of four nano gamma-alumina samples by using neural stem cells (NSCs) C17.2 as a model. We find that the toxicity of nano gamma-alumina is pretty low, though these alumina particles are easily internalized by cells. The loss of cell viability and membrane integrity are dose-dependent and sample-dependent after alumina exposure. At concentrations lower than 100 μg/mL, no significant toxicity is observed for all alumina samples. When the concentration reaches 200 μg/mL, alumina treated cells begin to loss their activities. No culture period effect (up to 3 days) is observed. Very tiny soluble aluminum and the absorption of culture medium ingredients onto alumina particles do not affect the cell viability. Intracellular reactive oxygen species generation may contribute to the cytotoxicity of alumina particles at high concentration, but it does not induce the apoptosis of NSCs.
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Keywords: GAMMA-ALUMINA; NANOTOXICITY; STEM CELL

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-09-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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