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Is Dye Mixture More Suitable Rather Than Single Dye to Fabricate Dye Sensitized Solar Cell?

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Abstract:

The steady state and time resolved spectroscopic studies reveal that two xanthene dyes Rhodamine 6G (R6G) and Rhodamine B (RB), used in the present investigations, form ground state hydrogen–bonded complexes with meso-tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin (TCPP). However, it is apparent that upon photoexcitation the H-bonding complexes formed in the ground state decompose into the individual reacting components. This presumption was confirmed from the observation of the presence of only static quenching mode in the steady state fluorescence of the dyes in presence of porphyrin. The photoelectrochemical properties of the free dyes and the mixtures of each dye with porphyrin are investigated by measuring incident photon-to-current conversion efficiency (IPCE) using ZnO electrode and also with TiO2 electrode. It is seen that Rhodamine B-porphyrin mixture has attained maximum IPCE among the four samples studied at ∼550 nm using ZnO electrode. Using TiO2 electrode, slight improvement in the value of IPCE was found for the same mixture. Therefore Rhodamine B-porphyrin mixture may act as a good sensitizer for converting solar energy to electrical energy.

Keywords: HYDROGEN BOND; PHOTON-TO-CURRENT CONVERSION EFFICIENCY; SEMICONDUCTOR NANOPARTICLES; STATIC QUENCHING; TIME RESOLVED SPECTROSCOPY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.5115

Publication date: 2011-09-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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