Controlled Synthesis and Up-Conversion Emission of Rare-Earth Tri-Doped NaYF4 Nanocrystals Under Femtosecond-Laser Excitation
Abstract:Cubic nanocrystal and hexagonal micro-rods NaYF4, with predictable size, shape and phase, have been successfully synthesized through hydrothermal reaction. The growth mechanism and the effect of mass transfer on the morphology of hexagonal micro-prism are both discussed in detail. The increase of tri-doping lanthanide ion concentration decreased the size of crystal particle, which was explained by the Arrhenius rate equation together combined with the Gibbs-Thomson relationship. Furthermore, the dopants did not only affect the sizes of tri-doped NaYF4 micro-rods, but also impacted upon fluorescence intensity. The fluorescence of tri-doped NaYF4: Nd3+/Yb3+/Er3+ system, excited by an 800 nm femtolaser, was intensified with the increase of doped lanthanide ions concentration. Nevertheless owing to the fluorescence quenching, the other two systems (NaYF4: Nd3+/Ho3+/Er3+ and NaYF4: Nd3+/Tm3+/Er3+ did not show the same phenomenon.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2011
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