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Effects of Precursor Concentrations and Thermal Annealing on ZnO Nanorods Grown by Hydrothermal Method

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ZnO nanorods were grown on spin-coated ZnO seed layers by hydrothermal method. The ZnO nanorods were grown with various precursor concentrations ranging from 0.01 to 0.3 M. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and photoluminescence (PL) were carried out to investigate the structural and optical properties of the ZnO nanorods. The average diameter and length of the ZnO nanorods is increased as the precursor concentration increased from 0.01 to 0.3 M. From XRD, the intensity of ZnO (002) peak is increased and full width at half maximum (FWHM) of ZnO (002) decreased as the precursor concentration increased. The FWHM of near-band-edge emission (NBE) decreased and intensity ratio of the NBE to the deep-level emission (DLE) increased as the precursor concentration increased which indicated the optical property is improved. The DLE is red-shifted from yellow- to red-emission and its intensity is increased as the annealing temperature increased due to thermal diffusion process.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2011-08-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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