Nanotubular Oxide Surface and Layer Formed on the Ti-35Ta-xZr Alloys for Biomaterials
Abstract:Titanium and its alloys are widely used as a dental implant material in clinical dentistry and as an orthopedic implant materials due to their good mechanical properties, corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility. In this study, nanotubular oxide surface and layer formed on the Ti-35Ta-xZr alloys for biomaterials have been investigated by using electrochemical methods. Ti-35Ta-xZr alloys were prepared by arc melting and heat treated for 24 hr at 1000 °C in argon atmosphere, and then water quenching. Ti oxide nanotubes were formed on the Ti-35Ta-xZr alloys by anodizing in H3PO4 containing 0.8 wt% NaF solution at 25 °C. Anodization was carried out using a scanning potentiostat. Microstructures of the alloys and nanotube surface were examined by FE-SEM, EDX, and XRD. Crystallization treatment of nanotube surface was carried out for 3 hr at 450 °C. Microstructures of the Ti-35Ta-xZr alloys were changed from β phase to α″ phase, and changed from an equiaxed to a needle-like structure with increasing Zr content. Nanotubular oxide surface and layers consisting of highly ordered nanotubes with a wide range of diameters (approximately 150–200 nm) and lengths (approximately 4–10 μm) can be formed on alloys in the Ti-35Ta-xZr alloys with Zr content. As the Zr content increased from 3% to 15%, length of step between the bamboo knob-like had increasing values of approximately 50 nm, 80 nm, and 140 nm, respectively. The nanotubes formed on the Ti-35Ta-xZr alloy surface were amorphous structure before heat treatment, but oxide surface had mainly an anatase structure by heat treatment.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2011-08-01
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