Particle Size Control of Pd/C for Improved Electrocatalytic Activity in a Formic Acid Oxidation

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Abstract:

Carbon-supported Pd electrocatalyst is prepared by an improved aqueous impregnation method applying a reducing agent of HCHO and an acidic sedimentation promoter of HCl. We investigate the effect of a solution pH on the zeta potential of both Pd particles and carbon support. The opposite sign of zeta potential results in uniform dispersion of Pd on carbon surface without aggregation problem. TEM analysis shows that optimal solution pH of 4.27 adjusted by NaOH provides a mean particle diameter of 3.2 nm with narrow size distribution. Cyclic voltammograms indicate that home-made Pd/C catalyst exhibits significantly higher electrochemical active surface area and better stability compared with commercial 40 wt.% Pd/C in a formic acid oxidation.

Keywords: FORMIC ACID OXIDATION; IMPROVED AQUEOUS IMPREGNATION METHOD; PD ELECTROCATALYST

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.4829

Publication date: August 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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