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Permeation of Solvents Through Disk Type Rice Husk Silica Membrane Modified with Alkyl Silylation Reagents

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Abstract:

Rice husk silica (RHS) which was obtained with thermal treatment of rice husk has the size of ∼10 micrometer with 4∼5 nm pore. RHS can be mold to a disk type membrane. The membrane may have submicron pore originated from the space among the particles, and the nano pores of the rice husk silica (RHS pore). Even it is difficult to adjust the size of the pores, we can suggest that the membrane shows different permeability for the organic/inorganic solvents if the affinity between the surface of the pores and the permeating molecule is changed. In this study, we investigated the permeation of the typical solvents such as water, ethanol and toluene to the RHS membranes sintered at 1100 °C, 1150 °C and 1200 °C and modified with triethoxymethyl silane (CH3)Si(C2H5O)3, diethoxydiemethyl silane (CH3)2Si(C2H5O)2 and ethoxytriemethyl silane (CH3)3Si(C2H5O). The result showed that permeability of original membranes for water (e.g., 1100 °C, 2.87 × 10−3 mol/m2 s Pa) was larger than ethanol (1100 °C, 5.51 × 10−4 mol/m2 s Pa) and toluene (1100 °C, 3.09 × 10−4 mol/m2 s Pa) at the sintering temperatures. For the silane modified membranes, the permeability for water decreased drastically while those for ethanol and toluene increased.

Keywords: ALKYLSILYLATION REAGENT; CHEMICAL MODIFICATION; PERMEATION; RICE HUSK SILICA; SILICA MEMBRANE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.4804

Publication date: 2011-08-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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