Studies on the Dehydration of Glycerol Over Niobium Catalysts
Abstract:The dehydration of glycerol over nanosize niobium catalysts was conducted in a stainless steel autoclave reactor. The catalysts were prepared by the calcination of niobium oxalate between 200 and 700 °C. Catalysts were characterized by N2 Physisorption, XRD and TPD of ammonia to investigate the effect of the calcination temperature and water on catalytic performance, catalysts' structures and acidity. Acrolein was mainly produced about 51–71% with useful by-products such as acetaldehyde and methanol. Amorphous Nb2O5 catalysts calcined at 200–400 °C significantly showed higher conversion of glycerol than the crystallized Nb2O5 catalyst calcined at 500–700 °C. Also the conversion of glycerol and selectivity of acrolein was increased with increasing the acidity of catalyst, which can be controlled by calcination temperature.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 1, 2011
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