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Histomorphometric Evaluation of an Implant with a Nanotubular Surface Treatment in a Beagle Femur

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This study examined the effects of a nanotubular surface treatment on an implant by anodic oxidation. Forty two screw-shaped implants were classified into 3 groups; machined surface (control group), nanotube formation on the machined surface (group N) and nanotube formation on the RBM surface (group RN). A total of 36 implants were inserted into a beagle femur. Two implants from each group were observed by scanning electron microscopy. Histomorphometric analyses were performed after 4 and 12 weeks. After 4 weeks, the average bone to implant contact (BIC) ratio of groups N and RN was significantly higher than that of the control group (P < .05). After 12 weeks, a nanotubular surface treatment showed a significantly higher BIC ratio only in the marrow space adjacent to the implant apex (P < .05). This in vivo study revealed the enhanced osseointegration of nanotubes.
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Keywords: BONE-TO-IMPLANT CONTACT (BIC) RATIO; DENTAL IMPLANT; TIO2 NANOTUBULAR SURFACE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-08-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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