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Structure of Diglycerol Monomyristate Reverse Micelles in Styrene: A Small-Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) Study

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Abstract:

Structure of diglycerol monomyristate (designated as C14G2) nonionic surfactant reverse micelles in aromatic solvent styrene has been investigated as a function of surfactant concentration, temperature, and water addition by using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) technique. Structure of micelles in real-space so called pair-distance distribution function, p(r) was obtained by the generalized indirect fourier transformation (GIFT) evaluation of SAXS data. It was found that C14G2 spontaneously self-assembles into spheroid reverse micelles with maximum diameter ∼3.0 nm when added into styrene under ambient condition. The micellar shape and size remained essentially the same despite a wide variation in surfactant concentration (5 to 30%) but an opposite trend was observed with the rise of temperature; size decreased by approximately 25% with increase in temperature from 25 to 75 °C. Addition of traces water favored micellar growth and eventually ellipsoid prolate type micelles were formed, whose scenario is understood in terms of decrease in the critical packing parameter (cpp); water hydrates the surfactant's headgroup and decreases cpp. At a particular concentration of water, increasing temperature decreased the micellar size due to dehydration of headgroup. It is interesting to note that size of 1.57% water incorporated micelle is approximately 2.5 times bigger than the empty micelles.

Keywords: DIGLYCEROL MONOMYRISTATE; NONIONIC SURFACTANTS; REVERSE MICELLES; SELF-ASSEMBLY; SMALL-ANGLE X-RAY SCATTERING

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.4214

Publication date: August 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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