Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy of Hole Traps Related to CdTe Self-Assembled Quantum Dots Embedded in ZnTe Matrix
Abstract:The capacitance–voltage (C–V) and deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS) measurements have been made on a Schottky Ti-ZnTe (p-type) diode containing CdTe self-assembled quantum dots (QD) and control diode without dots. The C–V curve of the QD diode exhibits a characteristic step associated with the QD states whereas the reference diode shows ordinary bulk behavior. A quasistatic model based on the self-consistent solution of the Poisson's equation is used to simulate the capacitance. By comparison of the calculated C–V curve with the experimental one, hole binding energy at the QD states is found to be equal about 0.12 eV. The results of DLTS measurements for the sample containing QDs reveal the presence of a low-temperature peak which is not observed for the control diode. Analysis of its behavior at different bias conditions leads to the conclusion that this peak may be related to the hole emission from the QD states to the ZnTe valence band. Its thermal activation energy obtained from related Arrhenius plot equals to 0.12 eV in accordance with the energy obtained from the Poisson's equation. Thus based on the C–V and DLTS studies it may be concluded that the thermal activation energy of holes from the QD states to the ZnTe valence band in the CdTe/ZnTe QD system is equal about 0.12 eV.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 1, 2011
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