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One-Step Preparation of FeCo Nanoparticles in a SBA-16 Matrix as Catalysts for Carbon Nanotubes Growth

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Nanocomposites containing FeCo alloy nanoparticles dispersed in a highly ordered 3D cubic Im3m mesoporous silica (SBA-16) matrix were prepared by a novel, single-step templated-assisted sol–gel technique. Two different approaches were used in the synthesis of nanocomposites; a pure SBA-16 sample was also prepared for comparison. Low-angle X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and N2 physisorption at 77 K show that after metal loading, calcination at 500 °C and reduction in H2 flux at 800 °C the nanocomposites retain the cubic mesoporous structure with pore size not very different from the pure matrix. X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis at Fe and Co K-edges demonstrates that the FeCo nanoparticles have the typical bcc structure. The final nanocomposites were tested as catalysts for the production of carbon nanotubes by catalytic chemical vapour deposition and high-resolution TEM shows that good quality multi-walled carbon nanotubes are obtained.
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Keywords: CARBON NANOTUBES (CNTS); FECO ALLOY; MESOPOROUS SILICA; NANOCOMPOSITES; SOL-GEL

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-08-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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