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Role of Alumina Nanoporosity in Acute Cell Response

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Abstract:

This work studied the effect of nanoporous alumina in acute cellular response in an in vivo model. Nanoporous alumina membranes, with pore size diameters of 20 and 200 nm, were fabricated by anodic oxidation of aluminium. The membranes were thereafter characterized in terms of pore size distribution and chemical composition. To evaluate acute inflammatory response, the membranes were implanted in the peritoneal cavity of mice. Cell recruitment to the implant site was determined by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis. Cell adhesion to material surfaces was studied in terms of cell number, type, and morphology using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and immunocytochemical staining followed by fluorescence microscopy. The fabricated nanoporous alumina membranes were found to have narrow pore size distribution. The in vivo study showed that 200 nm alumina membranes induced stronger inflammatory response than 20 nm membranes. This was reflected by the number of implant-associated phagocytes and the number of cells recruited to the implantation site. Since both pore-size membranes possess similar chemical composition, we believe that the observed difference in cell recruitment and adhesion is an effect of the material nanotopography. Our results suggest that nanotopography can be used to subtly control the recruitment and adherence of phagocytic cells during the acute inflammatory response to alumina membranes.

Keywords: ACUTE INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE; IN VIVO MODEL; NANOPOROUS ALUMINA; NANOTOPOGRAPHY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.4206

Publication date: August 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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