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Synthesis of New Fluorene-Based Copolymers Containing an Anthracene Derivative and Their Applications in Polymeric Light-Emitting Diodes

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Abstract:

We report the synthesis of copolymers containing fluorene and highly soluble anthracene derivatives, of general formula, poly{9,9′-bis-(4-octoloxy-phenyl)-fluorene-2,7-diyl-co-9,10-bis-(decy-1-ynyl)-anthracene-2,6-diyl}s (PFAnts). The PFAnts were synthesized via Suzuki coupling and the feed ratios of the anthracene derivative (Ant) were 1, 5, 10, 30, and 50 mol % of the total amount of monomer. PFAnts showed well-defined high molecular weights and were more soluble in conventional organic solvents. The photoluminescence spectra of PFAnts shifted to longer wavelengths with increases in Ant proportion and the PFAnts emitted various colors varying from greenish-blue to orange. The highest occupied molecular orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energy levels trended toward enhanced hole and electron recombination balance as the Ant proportion increased, due to the better electron-accepting ability of the anthracene moiety compared to the fluorene moiety. Polymeric light-emitting diodes with the configurations ITO/PEDOT:PSS(40 nm)/polymer(60 nm)/Ca(10 nm)/Al(100 nm) (Device A) and ITO/PEDOT:PSS(40 nm)/polymer(60 nm)/Balq(40 nm)/LiF(1 nm)/Al(100 nm) (Device B) were fabricated using the polymers as emissive layers. Especially, Device B with PFAnt01 exhibited the highest measured maximum brightness of 1760 cd/m2 at 14 V, a maximum current efficiency of 1.66 cd/A, and a maximum external quantum efficiency of 0.70%.

Keywords: ANTHRACENE; CONJUGATED POLYMERS; LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LED); POLYFLUORENES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3709

Publication date: May 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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