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Synthesis and Characterization of Stannane-Terminated Poly(silole-co-germole) for the Evaluation of Luminescent Polymeric Light-Emitting Diode

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Codehydrocoupling (with various inorganic hydrides) followed by stannane-capping (with Ph2SnHCl) of 1,1-dihydrotetraphenylsilole (1) and 1,1-dihydrotetraphenylgermole (2) (9:1 mol ratio) produces electroluminescent stannane-terminated poly(silole-co-germole)s (3) in high yield. The polymerization yield and molecular weight with Selectride increase in the order L-Selectride < N-Selectride < K-Selectride. The molecular weights increase in the order L-Selectride < Red-Al < N-Selectride < K-Selectride < Super-Hydride. The copolymer 3, a good candidate for PLED fabrication, emits at 523 nm and are electroluminescent at 521 nm. The fluorescence quantum yield of 3 in toluene is (1.61 ± 0.29) × 10−2. The emission color is green. The maximum brightness of the device is 3,750 cd/m2 with a luminous power efficiency of 0.67 lm/W.
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Keywords: CODEHYDROCOUPLING; ELECTROLUMINESCENCE; GREEN EMISSION; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; PLED

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 May 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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