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Acetabularia Rhodopsin I is a Light-Stimulated Proton Pump

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Abstract:

We cloned an intronless, nuclear-encoded opsin gene from an EST library of Acetabularia acetabulum. Acetabularia rhodopsin I (ARI) encodes a protein of 246 amino acids with molecular weight of 27 kDa. ARI was reconstituted in the Xenopus oocyte expression system to characterize its electrophysiological properties utilizing the two-electrode voltage-clamping technique. Oocytes where ARI cRNA was injected displayed outward directed currents in response to light. The maximum action spectrum of ARI was detected at 520 nm green light. Light-stimulated ARI current amplitude was altered by the protons, but not by the other ions in recording solutions, suggesting that the algal rhodopsin is a light-stimulated proton pump. Typical proton-mediated outward current elicited by 520 nm light was characterized with two phases of non-inactivating outward current following initial transient current. Taken together, we here reported cloning of a novel Acetabularia opsin gene which was characterized to be a proton-pump stimulated by light.

Keywords: ACETABULARIA RHODOPSIN; PHOTOSENSOR; PROTON PUMP; VOLTAGE CLAMPING; XENOPUS OOCYTE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3650

Publication date: May 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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