Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering of Dopamine on Self-Assembled Gold Nanoparticles
Abstract:Dopamine, a potent neurotransmitter in the brain, influences a variety of motivated behaviors and plays a major role in Parkinson's disease. In this study, the Raman signal of dopamine was detected on a fabricated nanoparticle-immobilized glass surface by surface-enhanced raman spectroscopy (SERS). Amine-modified glass was prepared by the self-assembly of amine-terminated silane on substrate, followed by the deposition of gold nanoparticles. The gold nanoparticles deposited on the glass surface were functionalized by anti-dopamine or dopamine. The antigen-dopamine was captured by antibody-assembled gold substrate and detected by SERS. The optical properties and morpology of the glass substrate with immobilized gold nanoparticles were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and UV-VIS absorption spectroscopy. The Raman spectrum of dopamine displayed broad bands at 1267, 1331, 1158, 1478, 1578 and 1584 cm−1. The strongest peaks in the spectra (at 1267 and 1478 cm−1) were identified as phenolic carbon-oxygen and phenyl C=C stretches, respectively. A working curve of the SERS signal constructed from cathecol ring vibration versus antigen-dopamine concentration was obtained at 1478 cm−1, and the non-optimized detection limit for anti-dopamine surface antigen was as low as 1 ng/ml. These results suggest that SERS-based immunosensor can be a promising tool for the detection and screening of neurotransmitters.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2011
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