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Molecular-Scale Investigation of Tolane Disulfide Self-Assembled Monolayers on Au(111) Using Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

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Molecular-scale surface structures of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) formed by the spontaneous adsorption of tolane disulfides (TDS) on Au(111) in a 1 mM mixed solution of ethanol/N,N′-dimethylformamide (9:1) were examined using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). The STM study revealed that TDS SAMs formed after a 24 h immersion at room temperature were composed of two-dimensional (2D) ordered phases with inhomogeneous surface morphologies and no clear domain boundaries. However, after 2 h immersion at 50 °C, uniform 2D ordered domains with clear domain boundaries were observed, which could be described as c(3× √3) structures with centered rectangular unit cell. Interestingly, a unique intermediate ordered phase with a low surface coverage was also observed. After a longer immersion for 24 h at 50 °C, only the uniform c(3× √3) domains were observed with a corrugation that may have reflected surface reconstruction of the Au(111) surfaces. From this study, we found that 2D ordered TDS SAMs with large and uniform domains on Au(111) can be obtained by controlling the solution temperature and immersion time.


Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3633

Publication date: May 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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