Photocurrent Imaging of Nanocrystal Quantum Dots on Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Device
Semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots (NQDs) are considered an attractive candidate for use in optoelectronic applications due to the ease of band gap control provided by varying the particle size. To increase the efficiency of NQDs when practically applied in devices, researchers have introduced the concept of coupling of NQDs to one-dimensional nanostructures such as single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), which have a ballistic conducting channel. In the present study, NQDs of CdSe core and CdSe/ZnS are used as light absorbing building blocks. SWCNTs and functionalized NQDs are non-covalently coupled using pyridine molecules in order to maintain their electronic structures. To measure the electrical signals from the device, a NQDs-SWCNT hybrid nanostructure is fabricated as a field-effect transistor (FET) using the dielectrophoresis (DEP) method. A confocal scanning microscope was used to scan the devices using a diffraction-limited laser spot and the photocurrent was recorded as a function of the position of the laser spot. To improve the performance of detecting small electronic signal with high signal-to-noise ratio we used a lock-in technique with an intensity-modulated laser. In this paper, we have demonstrated that detection of local photoconductivity provides an efficient means to resolve electronic structure modulations along NQDs-SWCNT hybrid nanostructures.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 May 2011
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