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Photocurrent Imaging of Nanocrystal Quantum Dots on Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Device

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Abstract:

Semiconductor nanocrystal quantum dots (NQDs) are considered an attractive candidate for use in optoelectronic applications due to the ease of band gap control provided by varying the particle size. To increase the efficiency of NQDs when practically applied in devices, researchers have introduced the concept of coupling of NQDs to one-dimensional nanostructures such as single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), which have a ballistic conducting channel. In the present study, NQDs of CdSe core and CdSe/ZnS are used as light absorbing building blocks. SWCNTs and functionalized NQDs are non-covalently coupled using pyridine molecules in order to maintain their electronic structures. To measure the electrical signals from the device, a NQDs-SWCNT hybrid nanostructure is fabricated as a field-effect transistor (FET) using the dielectrophoresis (DEP) method. A confocal scanning microscope was used to scan the devices using a diffraction-limited laser spot and the photocurrent was recorded as a function of the position of the laser spot. To improve the performance of detecting small electronic signal with high signal-to-noise ratio we used a lock-in technique with an intensity-modulated laser. In this paper, we have demonstrated that detection of local photoconductivity provides an efficient means to resolve electronic structure modulations along NQDs-SWCNT hybrid nanostructures.

Keywords: HYBRID NANOSTRUCTURE; NANOCRYSTAL QUANTUM DOTS (NQDS); PHOTOCURRENT IMAGING; SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES (SWCNTS)

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3658

Publication date: May 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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