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Aptamer Biosensors for Label-Free Colorimetric Detection of Human IgE Based on Polydiacetylene (PDA) Supramolecules

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Abstract:

In this study, we demonstrate an aptamer-based biosensor (apta-biosensor) using PDA liposomes for label-free detection of allergy diagnosis by hIgE detection. In order to detect the target hIgE, the surface of PDA liposome were functionalized with hIgE antibody and anti-hIgE aptamer as a receptor, and the target hIgE onto the receptors was detected by the change of fluorescence signal. The hIgE antibody-modified PDA liposome biosensor had a serious problem that the immune reaction between receptor and target could not powerfully affect the change of florescence signal on PDA liposome. In order to solve this problem, the anti-hIgE aptamer which was far smaller than whole antibody was introduced as the receptor for the PDA liposome system. An aptamer-based PDA liposome biosensor was able to measure a quantity of target protein with various concentrations and at this time the detection limit was 141 ng/mL of the hIgE concentration. These results enabled diagnosis of allergy disease by an aptamer-based PDA liposome biosensor because real allergic patients showed high concentration of hIgE in serum (greater than 290 ng/mL). Therefore, we suggest that aptamer-modified PDA supramolecules as promising candidates for development of label-free colorimetric biosensors.

Keywords: APTAMER; BIOSENSOR; IGE; POLYDIACETYLENE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3664

Publication date: May 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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