Adriamycin-Incorporated Nanoparticles of Deoxycholic Acid-Conjugated Dextran: Antitumor Activity Against CT26 Colon Carcinoma
Abstract:In this study, we prepared adriamycin (ADR)-encapsulated nanoparticles using deoxycholic acid-conjugated dextran (DexDA). Its antitumor activity was evaluated using CT 26 tumor cells in vitro and in vivo. ADR-incorporated DexDA nanoparticles have spherical shapes and their particle sizes were ranged about 50∼200. Their particle sizes were changed according to the preparation conditions, i.e., the higher substitution degree (DS) of deoxycholic acid (DA) and higher drug feeding ratio induced increased particle size and zeta potential. Furthermore, the higher DS of DA and higher drug feeding ratio induced increased drug contents and loading efficiency of drug. The higher DS of DA and higher drug feeding ratio induced decreased drug release rate. Futhermore, acidic pH of release media accelerated the drug release rate compared to alkaline pH. At in vitro cytotoxicity test using CT26 tumor cells, the nanoparticles showed higher antitumor activity than free ADR. In fluorescence microscopic observation, nanoparticles were properly entered into tumors cells and maintained in the cells compared to ADR itself. At in vivo animal tumor model using CT-26 cells, nanoparticles resulted in survivability increase of mice even though free ADR showed higher effectiveness to inhibit tumor growth. These results suggested that ADR-incorporated DexDA nanoparticles are promising vehicles for anti-tumor drug delivery.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2011
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