Label-Free Detection of DNA Hybridization Using Pyrene-Functionalized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes: Effect of Chemical Structures of Pyrene Molecules on DNA Sensing Performance
Abstract:We investigate the effect of functional groups of pyrene molecules on the electrical sensing performance of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) based DNA biosensor, in which pyrenes with three different functional groups of carboxylic acid (Py-COOH), aldehyde (Py-CHO) and amine (Py-NH2) are used as linker molecules to immobilize DNA on the SWNT films. UV/Visible absorption spectra results show that all of the pyrene molecules are successfully immobilized on the SWNT surface via – stacking interaction. Based on fluorescence analysis, we show that the amide bonding of amine terminated DNA via pyrene containing carboxylic groups is the most efficient to immobilize DNA on the nanotube film. The electrical detection results show that the conductance of Py-COOH modified SWNT film is increased upon DNA immobilization, followed by further increase after hybridization of target DNAs. It indicates that the pyrene molecules with carboxylic acid groups play an important role to achieve highly efficient label-free detection by nondestructive and specific immobilization of DNAs.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2011
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