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Template Assisted Electrochemical Growth of Cobalt Nanowires: Influence of Deposition Conditions on Structural, Optical and Magnetic Properties

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Abstract:

The influence of electrodeposition potential, pH, composition and temperature of the electrolytic bath on the structure of cobalt nanowires arrays electrodeposited into anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) porous membranes is reported. XRD, SEM, and TEM analysis were employed to characterize structural (crystal phase, crystallographic texture, and grain size), and morphological nanowire properties. It was confirmed that at pH 2 the electrodeposition potential has not influence on the preferred crystallographic orientation of the electrochemically grown Co nanowires. At pH 4 the electrodeposition potential controls the growth of cobalt nanowires along some preferential crystallographic planes. The electrolytic pH bath modulates the fcc or hcp phase exhibited by the cobalt nanowires. Single crystalline nanowires with a hcp phase strongly oriented along the (2021) crystallographic plane were obtained at pH 4 and at −1.1 V (vs. Ag/AgCl), a result not previously reported. High electrolytic bath temperatures contributed to improve the single crystalline character of the cobalt nanowires. The presence of chloride anion in the electrolytic bath also influenced on the structural properties of the resulting cobalt nanowires, improving their crystallinity. The optical reflectance of the samples shows a structure in the UV-blue region that can be assigned to the two-dimensional morphology arising in the shape of the almost parallel nanowires. Magnetic measurements showed that different electrodeposition potentials and electrolytic bath pH lead to different magnetic anisotropies on the nanowire array samples.

Keywords: COBALT; ELECTRODEPOSITION; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; NANOWIRES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.3826

Publication date: May 1, 2011

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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