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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Contrast Agent: cRGD-Ferric Oxide Nanometer Particle and Its Role in the Diagnosis of Tumor

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Abstract:

To construct tumor-targeted nanometer particles as a negative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent. Ultra-small superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) nanometer particles were prepared by one-step chemical precipitation. The covalent bond between cyclic RGD (cRGD) containing an Arg-Gly-Asp sequence targeting integrin-αv3, and USPIO was conducted by chemical crosslinking. The physico-chemical property of cRGD-USPIO was detected. Prussian blue staining was applied to detect the specific binding capacity of cRGD-USPIO and USPIO to human pulmonary adenocarcinoma A549 cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Subsequently, A549 xenografts in nude mice were established, and intravenous injections of USPIO and cRGD-USPIO into the vena caudalis were performed. The enhancement of cRGD-USPIO against tumor MRI signal was evaluated. The mean hydrodynamic diameter of cRGD-USPIO was 43.97 ± 10.10 nm and the size of the ferric oxide core was 5∼10 nm. The specific saturation magnetization was 59.94 A · m2 · Kg−1. The cell conjugation assay results indicated that the positive staining of the cRGD-USPIO group was significantly enhanced. The in vivo MRI diagnosis indicated that the cRGD-USPIO tumor signal was significantly reduced compared to that of the USPIO group (P < 0.01). The targeted superparamagnetic iron oxide nanometer particle can be a novel MRI negative contrast agent for more specific tumor early diagnosis.
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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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